A Message from Our Founder and Director
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: January 21, 2016    1 Comment

Every Voice Counts
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: February 3, 2016    2 Comments

2016 Gold Humanism Honor Society (GHHS) National Solidarity Week for Compassionate Patient Care
Author: Lynn White    Published: February 8, 2016    5 Comments

Please Welcome the Newest Member of our Advisory Board
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: February 18, 2016    2 Comments

Survivor's Testimony Revealed
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: March 15, 2016    4 Comments

#NeverForget: Holocaust Education in the Digital Age
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: April 14, 2016    2 Comments

70 Years Later: Violations in Human Subject Research Ethics
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: June 29, 2016    2 Comments

MIMEH Mourns the Passing of Elie Wiesel
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: July 2, 2016    3 Comments

Second European Meeting on Nazi Medicine
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: September 14, 2016    2 Comments

MIMEH Goes to Washington
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: October 8, 2016    4 Comments

Celebrating MIMEH's First Anniversary
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: October 25, 2016    1 Comment

Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: November 29, 2016    2 Comments

Thank You: A Letter from MIMEH's Director
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: December 29, 2016    2 Comments

Pharmacist of Auschwitz
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: January 14, 2017    5 Comments

Freedom, Justice and Liberty for All
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: January 16, 2017    6 Comments

Medicine and the Holocaust in Medical Education: International Holocaust Remembrance Day
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: January 27, 2017    1 Comment

The Evils of Dehumanization
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: March 17, 2017    2 Comments

MIMEH and University of Colorado to Host Yom Hashoah Program
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: April 15, 2017    0 Comments

Lectures on Inhumanity: Teaching Medical Ethics in German Medical Schools Under Nazism
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: April 18, 2017    2 Comments

Global Bioethics Initiative Summer Institute
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: April 20, 2017    2 Comments

Week of Remembrance Events
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: April 28, 2017    3 Comments

A Boy from Bustina
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: May 4, 2017    5 Comments

Announcement of the Department of Bioethics and the Holocaust of the UNESCO Chair of Bioethics (Haifa)
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: June 8, 2017    1 Comment

The Second International Conference on Medicine in the Holocaust and Beyond
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: June 8, 2017    1 Comment

A Message from MIMEH's Director
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: August 18, 2017    0 Comments

Eva Mozes Kor: A Survivor, An Activist, An Inspiration
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: September 17, 2017    0 Comments

View "Holocaust, Genocide and Contemporary Bioethics" panel on GrassRoots Community TV
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: September 17, 2017    0 Comments

Misericordia University Launches Center for Human Dignity in Bioethics, Medicine and Health
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: September 27, 2017    0 Comments

World Bioethics Day 2017
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: October 19, 2017    0 Comments

Panel - 70 Years after Nuremberg: What Have We Learned?
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: November 26, 2017    0 Comments

Kristallnacht Lecture - Dr. Tessa Chelouche
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: November 26, 2017    0 Comments

Medicine and the Holocaust in Medical Education: International Holocaust Remembrance Day

Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: January 27, 2017    1 Comment

Medicine and the Holocaust in Medical Education: International Holocaust Remembrance Day 
By Hedy S. Wald, PhD
“Medicine was used for villainous ends during the Holocaust. The Holocaust was an enormous trauma inflicted on human dignity and the human person; medicine was implicated in crimes against humanity.” His Eminence Daniel Cardinal DiNardo, Archbishop of Galveston-Houston.(1)
January 27 is International Holocaust Remembrance Day, a day designated by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 60/7 in 2005 after a special session marking the 60th anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi concentration camps and the end of the Holocaust.(2)  In the words of Secretary General Ban-Ki Moon (2008), “The International Day in memory of the victims of the Holocaust is a day on which we must reassert our commitment to human rights…We must also go beyond remembrance, and make sure that new generations know this history. We must apply the lessons of the Holocaust to today’s world.”(2)  
Indeed. A recent medical humanities article, co-authored with my colleagues Drs. Rubenfeld and Fins,(1) was a resounding call for teaching lessons of the Holocaust within medical education. We joined others in the medical education/bioethics community calling for a curriculum that would create space for a mix of reflective practice and historical awareness to grapple with the medical profession’s central role in “using science to help legitimize persecution, murder and ultimately genocide.”(3)
“Almost every aspect of contemporary medical ethics is influenced by the history of physician involvement in the Holocaust,” Wynia and colleagues wrote.(1) The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum’s (USHMM) “Deadly Medicine: Creating the Master Race” exhibit (3) documents the moral failures of individual physicians and the medical establishment during the Third Reich including participation in horrific experimentation and medicalized genocide. My daughter, a pediatrics resident at the time, and I visited that exhibit in 2012 and in our photo essay about this experience, confronted how healers became killers,(4) how traditional Hippocratic virtues morphed into unspeakable evil.(1) As my colleagues and I have written about the process of confronting this history, “it begins with a difficult realization: the doctors perpetuating the Holocaust were much like us, academic physicians who were the best and the brightest of their day. Nazi physicians, idealistic in a perverse way, earnestly believed they were doing the right thing.”(1)  “With the help of physicians and medically trained geneticists and anthropologists, the Nazis developed racial health policies that started with the mass sterilization of ‘hereditarily diseased’ persons and ended with the near annihilation of European Jewry.”(3)  With the help of a profession sworn to “do no harm.”  
Education about the role of the medical profession during the Holocaust has thus been termed a “moral imperative,” (1,5) ideally contributing to the process of establishing a virtuous professional identity, a learner’s sense of meaning and purpose, awareness of risks of abuse of power, and helping to foster emotional and ethical resilience.(1) Can we thus help “immunize our learners and perhaps society from a tragic recurrence”?(1) Lessons learned from the Nazi doctors can help serve as a “ warning beacon” (1) as learners as well as seasoned clinicians and researchers face contemporary and future fundamental relevant dilemmas such as prejudice, assisted reproduction and suicide, resource allocation, obtaining valid informed consent, use of “big data,” and challenges of genomics and technology expansion.(5) Holocaust and Medicine curricula within undergraduate and graduate medical education and for continuing medical education (see http://www.mimeh.org/ and http://www.medicineaftertheholocaust.org/ for online curriculum modules and webinars) as a pre-emptive educational approach can “bring a powerful perspective to such dimensions as ethical decision making, empathy, values clarification, and resiliency in medicine and, more broadly, to the formation of humanistic, ethically responsible health care practitioners.”(5) A recent #bioethx social media Twitterchat for which I served as guest co-host (with Dr. A. Fernandes in April, 2016) provided an innovative educational platform for participants on the topic of “Medicine and the Holocaust in Medical Education” with reflection-inviting questions, engaged dialogue, and published references (http://bit.ly/2kk7FIJ).   
Let us pledge this January 27, as compassionate, humanistic healthcare practitioners, to “Never Forget.” 
Hedy S. Wald, PhD is a Clinical Associate Professor of Family Medicine at the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University where she directs the reflective writing curriculum in the Family Medicine Clerkship and was honored with Dean’s Excellence in Teaching Awards. Follow her on Twitter @hedy_wald 
1. Wald HS, Rubenfeld S, Fins JJ. (2016). The Holocaust as End Stage Disease: Medical Education as a Moral Imperative. Hektoen International, A Journal of Medical Humanities. http://hekint.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2036 
2. International Holocaust Remembrance Day.  
Accessed January 25, 2017. 
3. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Deadly Medicine: Creating the Master Race. https://www.ushmm.org/information/exhibitions/traveling-exhibitions/deadly-medicine  
Accessed January 25, 2017. 
4. Wald HS, Weiner CL. (2009). Deadly medicine: creating the master race - A visit to the US. Holocaust Memorial Museum exhibit at the UN. Ars Medica. 5(2):48-57. file:///C:/Users/Hedy%20Wald/Downloads/55-137-1-PB%20(8).pdf  
5. Reis SP, Wald HS. (2015). Contemplating Medicine in the Third Reich: Scaffolding Professional Identity Formation in Medical Students. Acad. Med. 90(6): 770-3. 
**This post was originally published on https://reflectivemeded.org/


Comment posted by Romby R on 7/17/17 at 8:42 PM
What I find so intteesring is you could never find this anywhere else.

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