A Message from Our Founder and Director
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: January 21, 2016    1 Comment

Every Voice Counts
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: February 3, 2016    2 Comments

2016 Gold Humanism Honor Society (GHHS) National Solidarity Week for Compassionate Patient Care
Author: Lynn White    Published: February 8, 2016    5 Comments

Please Welcome the Newest Member of our Advisory Board
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: February 18, 2016    2 Comments

Survivor's Testimony Revealed
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: March 15, 2016    4 Comments

#NeverForget: Holocaust Education in the Digital Age
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: April 14, 2016    2 Comments

70 Years Later: Violations in Human Subject Research Ethics
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: June 29, 2016    2 Comments

MIMEH Mourns the Passing of Elie Wiesel
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: July 2, 2016    3 Comments

Second European Meeting on Nazi Medicine
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: September 14, 2016    2 Comments

MIMEH Goes to Washington
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: October 8, 2016    4 Comments

Celebrating MIMEH's First Anniversary
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: October 25, 2016    1 Comment

Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: November 29, 2016    2 Comments

Thank You: A Letter from MIMEH's Director
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: December 29, 2016    2 Comments

Pharmacist of Auschwitz
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: January 14, 2017    5 Comments

Freedom, Justice and Liberty for All
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: January 16, 2017    6 Comments

Medicine and the Holocaust in Medical Education: International Holocaust Remembrance Day
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: January 27, 2017    1 Comment

The Evils of Dehumanization
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: March 17, 2017    2 Comments

MIMEH and University of Colorado to Host Yom Hashoah Program
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: April 15, 2017    0 Comments

Lectures on Inhumanity: Teaching Medical Ethics in German Medical Schools Under Nazism
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: April 18, 2017    2 Comments

Global Bioethics Initiative Summer Institute
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: April 20, 2017    2 Comments

Week of Remembrance Events
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: April 28, 2017    3 Comments

A Boy from Bustina
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: May 4, 2017    5 Comments

Announcement of the Department of Bioethics and the Holocaust of the UNESCO Chair of Bioethics (Haifa)
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: June 8, 2017    1 Comment

The Second International Conference on Medicine in the Holocaust and Beyond
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: June 8, 2017    1 Comment

A Message from MIMEH's Director
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: August 18, 2017    0 Comments

Eva Mozes Kor: A Survivor, An Activist, An Inspiration
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: September 17, 2017    0 Comments

View "Holocaust, Genocide and Contemporary Bioethics" panel on GrassRoots Community TV
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: September 17, 2017    0 Comments

Misericordia University Launches Center for Human Dignity in Bioethics, Medicine and Health
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: September 27, 2017    0 Comments

World Bioethics Day 2017
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: October 19, 2017    0 Comments

Panel - 70 Years after Nuremberg: What Have We Learned?
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: November 26, 2017    0 Comments

Kristallnacht Lecture - Dr. Tessa Chelouche
Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: November 26, 2017    0 Comments

A Boy from Bustina

Author: Stacy Gallin    Published: May 4, 2017    5 Comments

I recently finished reading "A Boy from Bustina: A Son. A Survivor. A Witness," written by Andrew Burian, a Holocaust survivor whose life changed forever at age 13 when his hometown was invaded by Nazis. Mr. Burian’s book is a testimony to his family and the child he was before he became a prisoner at Auschwitz-Birkenau, the man he became while undergoing unspeakable horrors there, his rebirth as a survivor upon liberation, and his enduring status as a witness and a source of hope and inspiration for his children, who have worked tirelessly to ensure that his story continues to be told. There is a quotation from Mr. Burian found on the first page of the prologue.  It reads, “This is what happened to me.  This is what I saw.  There was not one Holocaust.  There were six million Holocausts.  I am witness.”

As someone who has studied both the Holocaust and medical humanities, this quote struck me in an incredibly powerful way.  In the field of medical humanities, we advocate for the importance of seeing each patient as a person, not just a diagnosis.  We argue that it is essential to understand what the person’s life was like before the illness, what he or she values about life and hopes to achieve after the illness.  Only by understanding the ways in which the illness impacts the individual’s narrative can the healthcare community truly provide care that is in the best interest of that person.  Valuing the dignity of the individual and his or her life story helps enhance communication between the provider and the patient, improve the quality of diagnosis, and increase the likelihood of compliance with a mutually agreed upon treatment plan.  An ethical healthcare system must have its foundations in the patient as a person, not as a disease or a statistic.

The phrase “Holocaust” is typically used to describe the murder of millions of innocent victims by the Nazis, six million of whom were killed because they were Jewish.  Last week, Yom Hashoah programs throughout the world honored the memory of the six million who perished.  We sometimes light six memorial candles, each one representing one million lives lost.  By constantly grouping the victims together, we risk losing sight of each individual’s experience; the six million Holocausts Mr. Burian referenced in the opening statement of his memoir.

The field of medical humanities advocates for the inclusion of humanism in medicine, for taking the time to learn the story behind each patient, for treating the individual instead of the disease.  It is absolutely necessary for the field of medicine, ethics and the Holocaust to do the same.  It is our duty to bear witness to the events that took place during the Holocaust and the ways in which these events impacted individuals, families, and societies as well as the medical profession itself.  We must do our best- difficult as it may be- to learn the story behind each victim and understand each individual’s experience.  Upon entering the concentration camps, prisoners were dehumanized and branded with a number on their arm that served as a new identity.  This number transformed people into prisoners by robbing them of their names, their stories, their family histories, and their entire lives up to that point.  Those who survived were marked forever, the number shaping not only their past but their future.  

While we can’t turn back the clock and take away the pain and suffering these people experienced, we can do something.  We can reverse the dehumanization that was at the root of so much suffering by ensuring that we remember not only the singular Holocaust (as it has come to be known), but the six million Holocausts that Mr. Burian wrote about in his memoir.  We must remember his story: the idyllic descriptions of his pre-war childhood, his family and his neighbors; the comment he overheard when he arrived as the youngest person at Auschwitz-Birkenau (“What is this terrible vile smell and why are ashes falling from the sky?”  “They are burning gassed people. Tonight they will be burning you.”); the realization at age 14 as he fought through emaciation, hypothermia, and exhaustion during the Death March that “the body and mind can endure the most brutal punishment when there is a goal to reach, when there is hope, when there is an end in sight”; the tears of joy that overwhelmed him upon being unexpectedly reunited with his father and brother at a hospital after liberation, and the significance of his father’s decision to change the family’s last name from Brandestein to Burian to ensure their lasting safety.  We must bear witness to the stories of Mr. Burian and all those who have been brave enough to revisit the most horrific days of their lives.  They deserve to have their stories told, and we have a responsibility to hear them.  Each of them has a story to tell that is reflective of their unique experience. We need to understand, preserve and protect each one of their stories.  We need to speak about names, not numbers.  We need to find a way to humanize those who fought through the most inhumane period in history.  Only then will we fulfill our obligation to “Never Forget.”


Comment posted by Lindsey G on 5/4/17 at 8:04 PM
These stories are so important. I'm glad to see your organization putting a spotlight on these survivors harrowing stories and pushing to preserve and protect the past. There is so much more to learn.

Comment posted by Jill K on 5/4/17 at 8:29 PM
It is so important to continue to share stories like these. Thank you for allowing those who were taken from us during the Holocaust to forever have a voice.

Comment posted by sheryn c on 5/5/17 at 7:23 AM
What an unbelievable story. Thank you for sharing this and for your important work. We must never forget the atrocities of the Holocaust. You are so passionate about your work and I thank you for making sure we will #neverforget.

Comment posted by Susan D on 5/5/17 at 12:13 PM
This content and context about the Holocaust survivors remains relevant and essential. Thank you again for helping us understand the need for altruism and vigilance in our treatment of friends, strangers and family.

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